Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Serotonin Receptors and Transport Essay -- Prozac Medical Neurology Es

Serotonin Receptors and Transport Being that Fluoxetine (business name Prozac) essentially works as a specific reuptake inhibitor for the synapse serotonin, some conversation of this transmitter is required before its reuptake hindrance can be tended to. Serotonin (5 hydroxytrytophan or 5HT, for short) is integrated from the antecedent amino corrosive tryptophan through the compound activity of tryptophan hydroxylase (Abelson and Andrews,1997,p.794). This amalgamation procedure happens in the terminal boutons and the serotonin is contained in vesicles anticipating discharge when an activity potential opens the calcium entryways in the presynaptic terminal. Calcium coursing through the entryway holds fast to the vesicle layer and to the terminal layer making the vesicle break and discharge the transmitter over the synaptic hole (Kalat,2004,p.61). Serotonin has different receptor types and subtypes that are connected to numerous assorted neurological capacities. Starting in the 1970’s, radioligand methods distinguished two wide classes of receptors, specifically types 5-HT1 and 5-HT2, be that as it may, research has since distinguished another twelve sorts also, related subtypes carrying the present aggregate to fourteen: 5HT1a,b,d,e,f, 5HT2a,b,c 5HT3, 5HT4, 5HT5a,b 5HT6, and 5HT7 (numbered postfixes speak to types, lettered postfixes are subtypes). These serotonin receptor types fluctuate by area inside the cerebrum, e.g., the most elevated thickness of 5HT1A receptors a found in the hippocampus and dorsal raphe core, while the most elevated convergence of 5-HT2 locales are found in the average prefrontal cortex (Abelson et al. 1997,p.794). Once discharged into the synaptic hole, serotonin isn't separated by... ... film (Williams et al,1998,p.3291). The specific system for the restraint isn't, so far, completely saw, be that as it may, an increasingly complete synthetic examination of the conceivable procedures is given in the former area entitled â€Å"Specific Chemical Mechanisms.† References Abelson, J., and Andrews, P.(Eds.)(1997). Reference book of Human Science. San Diego, CA: Academy Press. Adelman, G. (Ed.)(1987). Reference book of Neuroscience (Vol.2). Boston: Birkhauser. Kalat, J. W. (2004). Natural Psychology (eighth ed.). Belmont, CA: Thompson-Wadsworth. Siegel, G.J., Agranoff, B.W., Albers, R.W., and Molinoff, P.B. (1994). Fundamental neurochemistry (fifth ed.). New York: Raven Press. Shepherd, G.M. (1994). Neurobiology (third ed.). London: Oxford University Press. Williams, S., and Mauro, S. (1998). European diary of neuroscience, 10(10),3288-3295.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Culture and cultural differences Essay

â€Å"Motivation is a motivator, prompting, or intention, particularly for an act† (Morris 1970) There are numerous ways which impact the inspiration levels of a grown-up individual to do a specific errand. One of the most significant elements is Culture, which is an inherent piece of a person. The term culture is best comprehended when multifaceted individuals join to because of some explanation, to shape a gathering. While interfacing with such a gathering for inspiration, the primary thought is to make a feeling of having a place. Individuals, who discover their specialty place in a gathering, are significantly more anxious to perform assignments as well as could be expected. The second most significant thought for inspiration is to make a domain to accomplish work. The explanations behind working differ for individuals from nation to nation †In China the work inspiration is good commitment, while in Japan it is trust and in Western social orders it is motivators. Every one of these components ought to be taken consideration while persuading a culturally diverse gathering for working. One ought to consistently recall that, at long last every one of these individuals are doing likewise for though for various reasons. What do you accept ought to be your essential concern when attempting to spur across social limits? Make sure to legitimize your reaction. Individuals from different societies take motivators in an alternate manner. Individuals having a place with Asian nations like Japan, lay more weight on the affirmation of the work done, than on any material advantages they may have the option to procure. Interestingly, individuals from a large number of the administration based western nations like US consider motivations, something which is to be won. Lastly there are a few people who may be from poor nations like Vietnam, where the advantages mean extra cash, the more they work the more they win. Making every one of these individuals spurred with a motivational talk, regardless of how great the advantages may be, is the most significant factor of all. This is on the grounds that, disappointed individuals may effortlessly think on the lines of territorial inclination and attempt to de-persuade others. A fair talk which is intended to successfully persuade the arrangement of individuals, by apparently tending to the individual social orders of the gathering, thus requires the most extreme ability and cleverness with respect to the spurring individual. References LaMonica L, â€Å"The Relationship Between Culture and Learner Motivation and Implications for Trainingâ€Å", seventeenth July 2001, http://www. geocities. com/llamonica/culture. html

Monday, August 3, 2020

How Stress Can Cause Weight Gain

How Stress Can Cause Weight Gain Stress Management Effects on Health Print How Stress Can Cause Weight Gain By Elizabeth Scott, MS twitter Elizabeth Scott, MS, is a wellness coach specializing in stress management and quality of life, and the author of 8 Keys to Stress Management. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Scott, MS Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 29, 2018 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on August 11, 2019 How Stress Impacts Your Health Overview Signs of Burnout Stress and Weight Gain Benefits of Exercise Stress Reduction Tips Self-Care Practices Mindful Living In This Article Table of Contents Expand Why Weight Change Happens Stress and Cortisol Stress and Metabolism Speed Stress-Induced Eating Habits How to Break the Cycle View All Stress can have a serious impact on how much you weigh. Sometimes it can lead to weight loss. Other times, it can lead to serious weight gain.?? A stressful event, like the loss of a loved one, a divorce, or a financial crisis may lead to weight change. Chronic stress may also lead to weight change over time. Illustration by Brianna Gilmartin, Verywell Why Weight Change Happens Stressful experiences may lead to a change in habits. Someone going through a tough time may lose their appetite and skip meals. Chronic stress may lead to an increase in appetiteâ€"and an increase in cravings for unhealthy food. Slowly, over the course of several months or even a year, the weight gain may accumulate. Weight change may also result due to hormonal changes triggered by stress. The bodys response to stress has been linked to changes in metabolism, insulin, and fat storage.?? The Link Between Stress and Cortisol Stress triggers a fight or flight response in your body.?? This response releases hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol.?? Adrenaline prepares your body to take action and minimizes your desire to eat.?? Once the adrenaline effects wear off, cortisol, also known as the stress hormone, hangs around. Cortisol temporarily suppresses functions that are non-essential, such as your digestive, immune, and reproductive responses. When you have more cortisol in your system, you may crave less healthy food options like snacks containing high sugar and fat content. Stress and Metabolism Speed A 2015 study conducted by researchers at Ohio State University found that stress was linked to a slower metabolism in women. Researchers questioned women about the previous days stressors before feeding them a high-fat, high-calorie meal. Then, the scientists measured their metabolic rate and examined their blood sugar, triglycerides, insulin, and cortisol levels. They found that on average, women who reported one or more stressor during the previous 24 hours burned 104 fewer calories than the non-stressed women. That difference might mean a weight gain of almost 11 pounds in one year. The stressed women also had higher levels of insulin, which contributes to the storage of fat. They also had less fat oxidation, which is the conversion of large fat molecules into smaller molecules that can be used as fuel. Fat that is not burned is stored.?? Excessive stress even affects where we tend to store fat. Higher levels of stress are linked to greater levels of abdominal fat, which can be particularly tough to shed. This is particularly bad news because abdominal fat is also linked to greater health risks than fat stored in other areas of the body.?? So even if you arent eating more than usual, experiencing high levels of stress may cause you to gain weight. Stress-Induced Eating Habits High stress levels may also lead to changes in your behavior that contribute to weight gain. Here are some of the most common dietary changes people experience when theyre stressed: Consuming High-Fat, High-Sugar Foods: People experiencing chronic stress tend to crave more fatty, salty and sugary foods. This includes sweets, processed food and other things that aren’t as good for you. These foods are typically less healthy and lead to increased weight gain.Eating Emotionally: Increased levels of cortisol can not only make you crave unhealthy food, but excess nervous energy can often cause you to eat more than you normally would.?? You might find that snacking or reaching for a second helping provides you with some temporary relief from your stress.Eating More Fast Food: When youre stressed out, youre more likely to forgo healthy dinners at home in favor of fast food. Fast food and even healthier restaurant fare can both be higher in sugar and fatâ€"with larger portion sizes.Being Too Busy to Exercise: With all the demands on your schedule, exercise may be one of the last things on your to-do list. If so, you’re not alone. A long commute, hours spent sitting behind a desk, and time spent staring at the TV might leave little opportunity for physical activity.Forgetting Water: You might forget to drink water when youre busy dealing with the challenges of life. Its easy to confuse thirst for hunger and you might eat more when youre not drinking enough.Skipping Meals:  When you are juggling a dozen things at once, eating a healthy meal often drops down in priorities. You might find yourself skipping breakfast because youre running late or not eating lunch because theres just too much on your to-do list.Trying Fad Diets:  Weight gain leads some people to intentionally eat less food than they need, or try dangerous fad diets in order to lose the excess weight. Diets that aren’t balanced with fruits and vegetables, protein and healthy carbohydrates can often be bad for your health in the long run, even if they look attractive short term.Sleeping Less: Many people report trouble sleeping when theyre stressed. And research has linked sleep dep rivation to a slower metabolism. Feeling overtired can also reduce willpower and contribute to unhealthy eating habits. How to Break the Cycle of Stress and Weight Gain It can be stressful when your clothes dont fit well and the number on the scale is higher than youd like it to be. And the more stressed you feel, the more likely you are to gain weight. Its a tough cycle to break. Fortunately, there are some steps you can take to combat stress-related weight changes. Here are a few strategies that can help you regulate your weight: Make exercise a priority. Exercise is a key component of stress reduction and weight management. It can help you address both issues simultaneously so its a critical component in warding off stress-related weight gain. Whether you go for a walk during your lunch break or you go to the gym after work, incorporate regular exercise into your routine.Be mindful about what you eat. Paying attention to your eating habits can help you gain control over your food consumption. A 2011 review of studies that examined the link between self-monitoring and weight loss found that individuals who keep a food journal are more likely to manage their weight.?? So whether you use an app to track your food intake or you write down everything you consume in a food diary, being more mindful of what you put in your mouth could improve your eating habits.Incorporate stress-relief strategies into your daily life. Whether you enjoy yoga or you find solace in reading a good book, incorporate stress relief strat egies into your daily routine. This can reduce your cortisol levels and help you manage your weight. Why You Should Exercise to Relieve Symptoms of Mental Illness

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Mysterious Great Sphinx of Giza Essay - 1359 Words

I Thought There Would Be Answers: The Mysterious Great Sphinx of Giza At the request of Napoleon Bonaparte in the early 1800’s Dominique Vivant Baron Denon French artist and diplomat was to record the exploits and accomplishments of Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign. In 1802, he published his travels. â€Å"The perfection given by the Egyptians to the representations of their animals proves that they were not without an idea of that bold style which expresses much character in a few lines, and their execution tended to the grave, and to ideal perfection, as we have already remarked in instance of the Sphinx.† The generally accepted date of the great Sphinx of Giza is 2500BC attributed to Pharaoh Khafre of the fourth dynasty. If this is the†¦show more content†¦The Sphinx represents the guardian of the Giza plateau. Revered in Ancient Egypt the feline form has a long association with royalty, power and protection. An evacuation lead by French archaeologist Dr. Alain Zivie believed inscriptions suggest Egyptians bred lions as well as buried them in sacred cemeteries. In 2001, Zive and his crew found a mummified lion in the tomb of a woman understood to be the wet nurse of Pharaoh Tutankhamen dated to 1430. The wear of the lion’s teeth indicate it lived to old age and was in captivity. One theorist, Robert Temple, declares the Sphinx is not a lion at all, because of the flat back, lack of mane, and the disproportion of the head. He believes the original statue was craved before the old kingdom and portrayed the Egyptian god Anubis, with a head of a jackal and body of a man (see figure 1). Anubis is traditionally associated with mummification and the afterlife. Temple believes that between 2200-2000BC, the monument was defaced then re-carved during the fourth dynasty in the image of Pharaoh Khafre. He also presumes the Sphinx enclosure was flooded with Nile water to make an island. He uses a passage from Herodotus that discusses the cruelty of Pharaoh Khufu and how the slaves had to dig the moat for his burial chamber â€Å"For this they said, the ten years were spent, and for the underground he caused to be made as sepulchral chambers for himself in an island, havingShow MoreRelatedEgyptian Pyramids And The Pyramids960 Words   |  4 Pagesof Giza are one of th e mysterious ancient architecture in today’s world where people from all around the world go to visit this particular ancient art. It is extremely beautiful and is one of the many famous tourist spots around the world. The three main pyramids were built for each of the three pharaohs; Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The first and the largest pyramid at Giza was built by pharaoh Khufu whose reign started around 2551 B.C. This pyramid is 455 ft. high and is known as the â€Å"Great PyramidRead MoreThe Great Pyramid Of Giza930 Words   |  4 PagesGiza, an area located southwest of what is now known as Cairo, is home to one of the most astonishing and mysterious feats of architecture ever assembled, The Great Pyramid. Located approximately 5 miles west of the Nile River near the city of Cairo, Egypt, The Great Pyramid is part of a larger complex called the Giza Necropolis, which also houses the Great Sphinx, and two smaller pyramids. It is said to have been built by the enslaved citizens of Khufu, second ruler of the 4th dynasty, and son ofRead MoreDoes Proof Exists that Extraterrestrial life Visited Earth753 Words   |  3 Pagescultures.) came to this planet many centuries ago altered the DNA of the humanoids that were roaming the Earth at that time to work in the mines to retrieve resources t hat they needed. Based off text from very old Hebrew books or scrolls Enoch the great grandfather of Noah knew of giant beings called Watchers that inhabited Earth during his time. It’s is believed the Sumerians in ancient Mesopotamia, Mayans, and Egyptians made significant advancements in the areas of mathematics, science, and medicineRead More Animal Influences in Paleolithic, Egyptian and Greek Art Essay1428 Words   |  6 Pageshand prints. The artist used permanent features like ceilings, floors, and walls of rock shelters and caves as their canvas. Pigments of black, yellow, red, and brown were utilized to display the observations of animals. The painters gathered a great deal of information about finding food, and which foods were safe to eat or to hunt, by closely observing animals. The valuable information was passed to others through the detailes in the artwork. The construction of the figures are sporadic overRead MoreAncient Egypt- Egyptian Culture Essay2506 Words   |  11 Pagesrepresentative of reality. The Sphinx of Gizeh (Figure 1) is carved from the bedrock (sandstone) of the Giza plateau, the Sphinx is a mysterious marvel from the days of ancient Egypt. The body of a lion with the head of a king or god, the sphinx has come to symbolize strength and wisdom. From the north side the profile of the Sphinx reveals the proportion of the body to the head. It would appear as though the head is small in proportion to the body of the Sphinx. Because of the changing desertRead More Pyramids Essay1331 Words   |  6 Pageswas the first pyramid, the Great Pyramid is the best known. The Great Pyramid was built for King Cheop. It is the largest pyramid of the three at Giza. The three pyramids built for King Cheops, King Chephrun, and King Mycerinos stand on the west bank of the Nile outside Cairo. They are the largest and best preserved of all Egyptian pyramids. They were built between 2600 B.C. and 2500 B.C. However, it is hard today to imagine the manpower involved in building the Great Pyramid (especially in our worldRead MoreEssay on King Tutankhamun and His Treasures1385 Words   |  6 PagesTreasures The ancient Egyptians were noted for many things, one of which would have been their artwork. Egyptians used many medians in their artwork that enhanced the details and beauty of every piece of art. Their artwork is fascinating and mysterious, which pulls in the viewer into wanting to learn more. One of the most important and unique Egyptian artworks belongs to King Tutankhamun, a young pharaoh of Egypt. A brief history of the discovery of King Tut’s tomb and the importance and beautyRead MoreSeven Wonders of the World2986 Words   |  12 Pages However, the original seven wonders of the world are the most worthy of our praise and appreciation as they were constructed in an era that was devoid of any building machinery and done mostly by hand. The true wonder we can say is artistic, mysterious, magnificent, stunning or in other words it is really a master piece, and due to these qualities it attracts everyone towards itself. The most remarkable or amazing creations by mankind are included in the list of Seven Wonders of the WorldRead MoreKing Khafra ( Or Chephren )1993 Words   |  8 PagesEgyptian Museum), who’s name and face are well-known by the Second Pyramid and the Great Sphinx, is now sitting in the exhibition of old kingdom in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. A statue of King Khafre which comes from 2500BC is now placed in the centre of the exhibition. It is found in Khafra’s magnificent Valley Temple, and is believed to be the one of the twenty-tree statues which belonged to the Valley Temple in Giza. The statuary is the quintessential expression of kingship, and it reflects factors

Monday, May 11, 2020

The Movie The Patriot Essay - 1949 Words

The movie â€Å"The Patriot† is a great and thrilling film set in the revolutionary war. The film is directed by Roland Emmerich and primarily stars Mel Gibson. The film addresses heavy themes for the time and tries to represent the Revolutionary war as closely as possible. The films ideology was nothing unique however and most movies at the time represented these themes as well. â€Å"The Patriot,† is set in 1776 South Carolina to be exact. In the beginning of the film the Revolutionary war has already begun but only in the North as the South have yet to fully commit to the war. However, a meeting is called in the South and they agree to join the war and fight against the british alongside their brothers in the north. In the film, Mel Gibson plays the role of a man named â€Å"Benjamin Martin† who was known as a war hero after participating in the French and Indian war and winning a battle simply referred to as â€Å" Fort Wilderness† in the movie. Despite being a war hero, Benjamin is hesitant about starting a war with Great Britain as he feels like war is something that should never happen. Benjamin is also clear in stating that he has no intention of joining the war because he is a single father and has a family to take care of but as the movie shows, you can never escape war. The movie truly begins when Benjamin s eldest son, Gabriel enlists in the continental army against his father s will and subsequently returns after being injured from a battle. Benjamin and his family tend toShow MoreRelatedMovie Review : The Patriot1220 Words   |  5 PagesWhen asked to watch a history movie and write a research paper about it, I was nervous. Normally, I choose a comedy or chick flick when it comes to movies. However, my husband is the exact opposite and loves a good history or war movie. It was his idea for me to watch The Patriot that was released in 2000 for my paper. After watching the movie, I was very impressed. I can honestly say that I thoroughly enjoyed it and learned a whole lot. This movie taught me so much about the Revolutionary War thatRead MoreMovie Review : Movie Analysis Of The Movie The Patriot853 Words   |  4 Pagesother people who don’t have any land at all. In the movie, â€Å"The Patriot†, the setting took place during the Revolutionary War, or the American Revolution, in South Car olina during the late 1770’s. The British were fighting the colonists at that time and one major character in the movie, named Benjamin Martin, fought during the American Revolution. Later, the Americans won their independence in 1781. First of all, this movie is called â€Å"The Patriot† because the Americans were loyal to their countryRead MoreThe Patriot Movie Review Essay1231 Words   |  5 PagesThe Patriot Movie Review I. Title- The Patriot Production Date- June 28th 2000 Major Characters- Benjamin Martin: Mel Gibson Gabriel Martin: Heath Ledger Charlotte Selton: Joely Richardson Johnny Issacs: William Tavington Lisa Brenner: Anne Howard Charles Cornwallis: Tom Wilkinson II. Movie Summary: The Patriot takes place during the Revolutionary War. ItsRead MoreThe Patriot Movie Essay1215 Words   |  5 PagesThe â€Å"Patriot† takes place in South Carolina in 1776 during the Revolutionary War. It is a story about a widowed father of seven, named Benjamin Martin. Benjamin was involved in the French and Indian War before marrying and starting a family. He is reluctant to join the conflict as he remembers too well his own experience in the earlier French and Indian War. After his wife passed away he does everything to keep his family together and away from war. He is a patriot who wants no part in a war withRead More report on the movie the patriot Essay656 Words   |  3 Pages Patriot Cultural Assignment nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;â€Å"The Patriot† is an excellent movie. It may very well be one of the most exciting and moving war-drama movies of all time. There are very few films today that even come close to touching upon the American Revolution, which is why â€Å"The Patriot† is of such importance. Nonetheless, during the film the actual American Revolution takes a back seat and allows the center of the story to revolve around Benjamin Martin (played by Mel Gibson)Read MoreSimilarities And Differences Between The Movie The Patriot722 Words   |  3 PagesIn the two films The Patriot, and 1776, there were some similarities and there were differences. Some of the similarities and differences had to do with the setting and the time period it was in. Also in the films the some of the characters shared the same traits, the wars in the movies in the movies were also different like in The Patriot it had a lot to do with war but in the 1776 movie it had to do with the signing of the Declaration of Independence. They both both share the one important thingRead MoreCompare the movie The Patriot with Historical Reality?2419 Words   |  10 Pagesinclude a complete history, it wouldnt be known as a movie anymore. However, it would be called a documentary, which most people get fed up of. So interpretations, exaggerations and idealistic scenes are added to the movie to make it more interesting for the audience. The Patriot is a similar film ma de during the modern day time about a time period in which none of the experienced the real revolution. Politically, socially, and culturally, The Patriot attempts to give a sense of the scope of aspectsRead MoreHollywood vs History Essay942 Words   |  4 PagesHistory vs. Hollywood The Patriot The Revolutionary war, sparked by the colonists anger towards taxation without representation, was a conflict between the United States and its mother country Great Britain. This event had been considered the most significant event in the American history. It separated the thirteen colonies from the tyrannical ruling of King George. The revolutionary war was not a big war, The military conflict was, by the standards of later wars, a relatively modest one. BattleRead MoreEssay about Historical Accuracy of the Patriot950 Words   |  4 PagesHistory 122 – American History to 1877 Jason Dickson Historical Movie Review: The Patriot The movie, The Patriot, is the story of a South Carolina plantation owner, Benjamin Martin, who leads a local militia against British troops in the South during the beginning of the American Revolutionary War. Martin, who is a widower with six children and a veteran of the French and Indian War, wants nothing to do with the war until a brutal British Colonel, William Tavington, kills one of his sonsRead MoreEssay on The Patriot945 Words   |  4 Pages The Patriot, written by Robert Rodat, takes place in South Carolina and reveals a widowed father’s love for his family and trying to keep them together, despite the Revolutionary War that had begun. Trying to keep his demons from reappearing, Benjamin Martin faces his fear of his past coming back to haunt him after serving in the French and Indian War. Martin is a South Carolina farmer who lost his wife, Elizabeth, and reluctantly signs up to join the Continental Army after his eldest son, Gabriel

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Psycho Review Free Essays

Psycho is a cult movie based on the much controversial novel by Brett Gaston Ellis. Directed by Mary Harrow, it is a dark comedy and a clever satire of America in the 1 us that artfully connects conformity, materialism, misogyny, narcissism, classicism and superficiality. If you are a movie connoisseur and enjoy well directed stories, you should definitely not miss American Psycho. We will write a custom essay sample on American Psycho Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now But this movie Is a bit difficult to assimilate as it is hard on your guts and your mind due to the obvious violence and gore, it is not for everyone, but definitely Is a work of art! The opening reedits are very artsy and one of the finest examples of cinematography Eve ever seen. The cranberry Juice Is very easily mistaken as drops of blood falling which Is a very subtle Imagery evoking sinister abstractions. The attention to detail Is almost Impeccable, from the dressing styles, the music culture, architecture, gadgets, the landscape, Interior decorations design, to the movie texture. There Is a deep character study of Patrick Bateman, who Is a suave yuppie working at Wall Street. This wealthy 27 year old working as Vice President in Pierce Pierce becomes a psycho killer by evening. The character is portrayed by the flamboyant welsh actor Christian Bale whose performance was nothing less than chilling and sensational. Bale did a great job to bring out the split personality of Bateman. Bateman has many unusual traits. He is an attention-to-detail freak. During his elaborate morning routine, he even mentions why he doesn’t use aftershave with little or no alcohol. Why? â€Å"Because alcohol makes your skin dry and makes you look older†. He is the epitome of narcissism which is why he HAS to look good and have the perfect body. He even video tapes his sexual escapades. His laconic manner of dialogues goes to suggest typical psychopathic behavior. There is a sever diversification and identity crisis depicted in the movie where Bateman desperately tries to stand out. Bateman was easily mistaken to be Halberds because they wore the same suits and went to the same salons. Another hilarious moment was when they were comparing their business cards and all of them were Vice presidents of the same firm! You know you are a Patrick Bateman when you are on the verge of murdering the other person if their business card is better than yours. Bateman dines at the nines of restaurants, wears only designer clothes, lives in an uptown Manhattan apartment overlooking the American gardens, goes to the best spas and tanning booths, gets off on cocaine and if these aren’t enough to fill his hollowness, he resorts eating cooked brains of random strangers. He Is absolutely devoid of human emotions, those other than lust, greed and disgust. He kills his associate Paul Allen because Paul could get a reservation at some fancy restaurant and he couldn’t! There are some disturbing scenes where he commits grisly murders of his friend Elizabeth, homeless person and his dog out of sheer boredom. As the story unfolds, his blood thirst becomes more acute and he rampantly kills people In order to get noticed. This is when he starts to lose grip on reality and things become more surreal which suggests that the killings were in his head. There are many junctures in the movie where this is almost evident, for example the ATM machine read â€Å"Feed me a stray cat† and Bateman tried to insert the cat forcefully through the slot. By the end of the to convey? † Also did or did not Bateman kill all those people. But it is not a real story, he killings are clearly metaphorical. It mocks an era where women treated like garbage; people resorted to conformity materialism and where the well-off folks were ‘busy listening to annoying music, getting high, eating gourmet meals and talking big. It has a subtle philosophical tangent too, it is not that life is pointless and therefore Bateman does evil, but instead that he does evil to prove (to himself) that life is pointless and his actions have no ramifications. Hence a society without a moral compass makes the environment congenial for psychopaths like Bateman to be born. How to cite American Psycho Review, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

What is the importance of Criminal Profiling free essay sample

Criminal Profiling is a great way to try to understand the suspect as a person. It is necessary to learn who the individual is in order to track and locate them. The persons information is vital to an investigation. Things such as habits, history of violence, family, education, schedules/routines, and personality traits Just to name a few. This new development of investigating is helpful in obtaining fugitives quicker. Law enforcement is trying to be more successful by encouraging change. Keeping up with criminal minds is good way to stay ahead of their criminal intentions.Criminal Profiling is also known as Criminal Investigative Analysis is a tool used by law enforcement which consists of analyzing the crime scene and using the information to determine the identity of the perpetrator. Criminal Profiling identifies the perpetrator or an unknown subject of the crime based on an analysis of the nature of the crime and manner in which it was committed. We will write a custom essay sample on What is the importance of Criminal Profiling? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page By analyzing information at the crime scene, law enforcement agencies are able to create a profile of relevant information that is useful. A criminal profile may include physical attributes such as: sex, age, ethnic backyard, height and weight. They also are able to find personality attributes such as: psychological diseases, self-esteem, tendencies, remorse or guilt and aggressiveness. Using these techniques allows law enforcement to be more efficient and productive. Law enforcement can solve a variety of crimes including homicide, sexual assault, extortion and kidnapping. While fire settings, lust/ mutilation murders, rape and occult crimes are considered to be most suitable for profiling. [Thompson] The origins of criminal profiling can be traced back to the early sass, Jacob Fries, Cesar Limbos, Alphorns Aberration, Hans Gross, Ernest Seersucker and others.All dad small contributions to the present day field. [1] Profiles are generated by profilers that have been through college and they may even have a perceptive way about them. When I think of criminal profiling my first thought is a puzzle. Putting the pieces they have in front of them together or analyzing every inch of the crime scene in order not to miss any crucial piece of evidence. Evidence at a crime scene can be has small as a hair or fiber from clothing. History of this profession may have originated with a profile created by DRP. James A. Brussels.He was called in to consult on a case involving a series of events that took lace in New York. In November of 1940 a pipe bomb was found at Consolidated Edison, which opened a case that spanned sixteen years and involved more than thirty hidden bombs. When Brussels was asked to assist, he created a profile that eventually led to the arrest of the criminal. Advancement of the profession occurred in 1972 when the Federal Bureau of Investigation created the Behavioral Science Unit (IBIS). [Simon] There is no mandatory educational requirement for a criminal profiler.Individuals interested in this career might begin with an undergraduate degree in criminology, criminal Justice, forensics or psychology. The FBI has made it known that there is no direct career path and no profiling position per SE. Agents who perform this type of work are assigned to the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAA). Their Jobs involve creating profiles and providing case management consulting to other law enforcement agencies. Advanced degrees that fall in the preferred qualifications category for the type of work are considered to be in behavioral or forensic science.Criminal profiling begins with an in-depth study of crime. Profilers typically need a college degree and specialized training. Profilers work crime cases y analyzing data, subsequently identifying a connecting link between what occurs at the scene and the possible characteristic of the perpetrator. Criminal profilers also work on cold cases. [Winemaker] In 1972, the FBI formed its Behavioral Science Unit to investigate serial rape and homicide cases. From 1976 to 1979, several FBI agents most famously John Douglas and Robert Resellers interviewed 36 serial murderers to develop theories and categories of different types of offenders.Most notably, they developed the idea of the organized/disorganized dichotomy: Organized crimes are premeditated and ruefully planned, so little evidence is found at the scene. Organized criminals, according to the classification scheme, are antisocial but know right from wrong, are not insane and show no remorse. Disorganized crimes, in contrast, are not planned, and criminals leave such evidence as fingerprints and blood. Disorganized criminals may be young, under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or mentally ill.Over the past quarter-century, the Behavioral Science Unit has further developed the Bis profiling process-?including refining the organized/disorganized dichotomy into a continuum ND developing other classification schemes. The basic premise is that behavior reflects personality, explai ns retired FBI agent Gregg McCrae. In a homicide case, for example, FBI agents glean insight into personality through questions about the murderers behavior at four crime phases: Antecedent: What fantasy or plan, or both, did the murderer have in place before the act?What triggered the murderer to act some days and not others? Method and manner: What type of victim or victims did the murderer select? What was the method and manner of murder: shooting, stabbing, strangulation or something else? Body disposal: Did the murder and body disposal take place all at one scene, or multiple scenes? Post offense behavior: Is the murderer trying to inject himself into the investigation by reacting to media reports or contacting investigators? A rape case is analyzed in much the same way, but with the additional information that comes from a living victim.Everything about the crime, from the sexual acts the rapist forces on the victim to the order in which theyre performed, offers a clue about the perpetrator, McCrae says. Offend er profiling. Much of this work comes from applied psychologist David Canter, PhD, who mounded the field of investigative psychology in the early sass and now runs the Centre for Investigative Psychology at the University of Liverpool. Investigative psychology, Canter says, includes many areas where psychology can contribute to investigations including profiling.The goal of investigative psychologys form of profiling, like all profiling, is to infer characteristics of a criminal based on his or her behavior during the crime. But, Canter says, the key is that all of those inferences should come from empirical, peer-reviewed research not necessarily from investigative experience. For example, Canter and his colleagues recently analyzed crime scene data from 100 serial homicides to test the Bis organized/disorganized model.Their results, which will be published in an upcoming issue of Papas Psychology, Public Policy and Law, indicate that, in contrast to some earlier findings, almost all serial murderers show some level of organization. Organized behaviors like positioning or concealing a victims body are the core variables that tend to show up most frequently and co-occur with other variables most often, he found. The preferences between murderers, the researchers say, instead lie in the types of disorganized behaviors they exhibit.